The Oregon Climate Change Research Institute (OCCRI), based at Oregon State University (OSU), is a network of over 100 researchers at OSU, the University of Oregon, Portland State University, Southern Oregon University, and affiliated federal and state labs. In 2007, the Oregon state legislature created OCCRI and tasked it with: fostering climate change research among faculty of the Oregon University System (OUS); serving as a clearinghouse for climate information; and providing climate change information to the public in an easily understandable form.
Global Climate Change — NASA’s Eyes On the Earth
NASA has launched a new Web page to help people better understand the causes and effects of Earth’s changing climate. The new “A Warming World” page hosts a series of new articles, videos, data visualizations, space-based imagery and interactive visuals that provide unique NASA perspectives on this topic of global importance.
The Center for Climate Strategies (CCS) is helping many public officials and stakeholders in the United States and other countries respond to the challenges posed by global warming and related opportunities for economic development, clean energy, and a safer environment. The map below shows climate action plans underway or completed by U.S. states since 2000, many through CCS processes.
Senators to propose abandoning cap-and-trade (2/27/2010)
The Washington Post
Three key senators are engaged in a radical behind-the-scenes overhaul of climate legislation, preparing to jettison the broad “cap-and-trade” approach that has defined the legislative debate for close to a decade. The sharp change of direction demonstrates the extent to which the cap-and-trade strategy has become political poison.
The New York Times
The Agriculture Department’s fiscal 2011 budget request includes a number of programs intended to address the potential impact climate change could have on farmers and ranchers. It would devote $52 million to climate change programs…..
The New York Times
Senate advocates of comprehensive global warming and energy legislation are stuck on a fundamental question: How should they structure the first-ever price on greenhouse gas emissions?
OCEANS: Low-oxygen zones threaten Pacific Northwest
The New Republic
The Obama administration announced Thursday that it has drafted rules (pdf) that would require federal government to take climate change into consideration for the first time when judging actions under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).
The New York Times
President Obama has copied the page from his predecessor’s playbook on how to push an energy and environment agenda. Whether intentionally or not, Obama’s tactics have mirrored President George W. Bush’s: Try to work with Congress, but also act unilaterally.
Nike and other businesses, including Starbucks and Portland’s Gerding Edlen development firm, called on Congress to approve comprehensive climate change legislation this year and said a “clean energy economy” is the next great economic boom.
Forest fire emissions data revised (1/29/2010)
An OSU study finds that previous estimates of carbon given off during four forest fires were too high.
UC Irvine News Release
Turfgrass management can create more greenhouse gas than plants remove from atmosphere
Center for Economic Analysis, Michigan State University
The Center for Climate Strategies performed a macroeconomic analysis of recently proposed legislation in Wisconsin, the Clean Energy Jobs Act (CEJA). The specific focus is on employment and gross state product growth. The measures in the CEJA were drawn from the Governor’s Global Warming Task Force Report created under Executive Order 191.
ABSTRACT: This study quantifies the short-term effects of low-, moderate-, and high-severity fire on carbon pools and fluxes in the Eastern Cascades of Oregon. We surveyed 64 forest stands across four fires that burned 41,000 ha (35%) of the Metolius Watershed in 2002 and 2003, stratifying the landscape by burn severity (overstory tree mortality), forest type (ponderosa pine [PP] and mixed-conifer [MC]), and prefire biomass. Stand-scale C combustion ranged from 13 to 35% of prefire aboveground C pools (area – weighted mean = 22%). Across the sampled landscape, total estimated pyrogenic C emissions were equivalent to 2.5% of statewide anthropogenic CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion and industrial processes for the same 2-year period. From low- to moderate- to high-severity ponderosa pine stands, average tree basal area mortality was 14, 49, and 100%, with parallel patterns in mixed-conifer stands (29, 58, 96%). Despite this decline in live aboveground C, total net primary productivity (NPP) was only 40% lower in high- versus low-severity stands, suggesting strong compensatory effects of non-tree vegetation on C uptake. Dead wood respiratory losses were small relative to total NPP (range: 10–35%), reflecting decomposition lags in this seasonally arid system. Although soil C, soil respiration, and fine root NPP were conserved across severity classes, net ecosystem production (NEP) declined with increasing severity, driven by trends in aboveground NPP. The high variability of C responses across this study underscores the need to account for landscape patterns of burn severity, particularly in regions such as the Pacific Northwest, where non-stand-replacement fire represents a large proportion of annual burned area.
Renewable Energy: An International Journal Aug2008, Vol. 33 Issue 8, p1922-1927
ABSTRACT: One of the attractions of developing bioenergy systems is the potential for job creation and economic development of rural economies. This paper seeks to quantify the expected employment impacts of individual bioenergy developments. The assessment includes agricultural labour growing energy crops for SRC and miscanthus options, transport and processing of the feedstock, staffing at the thermal conversion plant, employment within the equipment supply chain and the induced employment impact. Power only bioenergy systems are shown to typically create 1.27 man years of employment per GWh electricity produced, regardless of technology or scale of implementation. CHP systems can create more than 2 man years of employment per GWh electricity produced, although most of this enhanced economic impact can be attributed to the fact that a comparative analysis per unit of electricity produced ignores the heat output of the system.
Free Webinar: Thursday March 4th, 2010 3pm-4.30pm EST
Climate change policies all involve some form of regulatory change or intervention in the marketplace. Such interventions are often feared because they are new and different. Moreover, new regulations are frequently challenged on the basis of their apparent costs, especially by those representing the industries, activities, or markets to be regulated. This free webinar is the first in a planned year-long series of joint offerings on aspects of the economics of climate change sponsored by The E.P. Systems Group, Inc. and the Center for Climate Strategies. It will address….